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Tuesday, July 15, 2014

Water Self Sufficiency for Survival Preparedness


WATER IS LIFE
I don't need to tell you why your family needs safe potable water as well as long term food storage, first aid kits, and other survival gear to survive the aftermath of an emergency or disaster.
People can live for days or even weeks without food but no one survives past 4 or 5 days without water. Living on very short rations an "average" person can survive on a minimum of one gallon of water for replacement of normal activities loss, per day. At that drastically minimal rate a family of four will need 120 gallons of potable water to survive for 30 days.
"...Drinking, sanitation and hygiene constitute the basic human survival needs for water. These minimum needs total about 50 liters (13.2 gallons) per person per day. In comparison, the average American uses well over ten times that amount...(1)"
Including drinking, sanitation and hygiene that same family of four would need 1560 gallons of potable water to survive for 30 days. Storing 120 gallons of water to meet subsistence-level needs is easily done, if that's how you visualize your family surviving. Storing 1560 gallons, while making your family's survival experience more pleasant, is problematic if you do not have the ability to replenish your water supply while off of the National Electric Power Grid.
WATER AVAILABILITY IS NOT GUARANTEED
What if one day after an emergency or disaster you turn on the tap and either nothing comes out, or what comes out is unsafe to drink? Water distribution systems require energy and what comes out of your faucet is there because the fragile and vulnerable Grid energized a pump.
The National Electric Power Grid is obsolescent and vulnerable to blackouts due to equipment failure, unintentional human error or recently and most frighteningly, malicious foreign cyber attack.(2) Water self-sufficiency off the grid, and independent of the weather, will ensure that your family has enough water to survive no matter how bad the situation becomes.
RAIN WATER HARVESTING
The basic component of water self-sufficiency is rain water harvesting and storage. This component requires storage tanks of sufficient capacity with connections to your home's rain gutter system. This component is weather dependent but based upon annual rainfall amounts and seasonal rains distribution in your area, rain water harvesting may well satisfy your un-purified water requirements if you plan properly.
In most parts of continental USA, with the exception of the Southwest, rainfall is fairly regular, reliable and predictably sufficient to be the primary source for your family's survival water self sufficiency. You will have to make a judgment call and decide how much storage capacity you will need to bridge dry spells.
Because we have become so dependent on the grid and the water distribution systems it enables, houses no longer have cisterns to store water for dry spells. Chances are your home doesn't have a cistern either, so you will need to acquire water storage capacity. Water can be stored in almost anything: one gallon water jugs you buy at the supermarket, hard-side metal or plastic tanks, or the much more convenient and less expensive collapsible "pillow" tanks.
We can safely discard the idea of buying, storing and then refilling 1500+ one gallon jugs as impractical. Hard-side tanks are more practical but are always the same size, full or empty, are difficult to handle, expensive and require permanent installation above ground or below.
A much better solution is collapsible "bladder" tanks which are constructed of polymer alloy coated polyester fabrics which meet FDA standards for potable water storage. Bladder tanks are relatively inexpensive and can be stored folded within their shipping boxes until you decide to deploy them.
PURIFYING STORED RAINWATER
The water stored in your tanks, while it may appear clear, is not safe to drink. The rain which fell on your roof and ran down your gutters became contaminated with bird feces, insect waste, decayed organic matter, chemicals and other pollutants. To make this water safe to drink it must first be treated or preferably purified.
Treatment involves adding proportionately large amounts of chlorine iodine. This method should be reserved for emergency or occasional use only, because ingestion of too much iodine may be harmful.(3)
The optimum solution is a water purifier which removes sediment and chemicals, kills pathogens and removes pathogenic detritus. An efficient water purifier would use both pre and post-filters and a high-intensity ultraviolet germicidal lamp. Such a device must be proven to have a bacterial kill rate up to 99.99+% including cysts (Giardia and Cryptosporidium), and microorganisms including viruses, bacteria, fungi, algae, and protozoa.(4)
This water purifier should be operable off the Electric Power Grid and capable of converting water from any available source into potable water.
NOW YOU NEED TO BECOME WATER SELF SUFFICIENT
You have acquired long term bulk food storage, first aid kits, tools, defensive weapons and other survival gear. Now you need to become water self-sufficient or all your other preparations are meaningless and your family will perish. WATER IS LIFE.
(1) Basic survival needs were stressed at the Mar del Plata conference, a major international effort to address world water problems organized by the United Nations... The minimum water requirement for replacement for an "average" person has been estimated to be approximately 3 liters (3.2 quarts) per day, given average temperate climate conditions...
(2) The Washington Post, "Checkpoint Washington" Blog, 11/18/2011
Read more: http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/checkpoint-washington/post/foreign-hackers-broke-into-illinois-water-plant-control-system-industry-expert-says/2011/11/18/gIQAgmTZYN_blog.html
(3) Heath Canada. Read more: http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/ewh-semt/pubs/water-eau/disinfect-desinfection-eng.php
(4) University of Arizona, Department of Soil, Water and Environmental Science, Tucson, AZ Copy of report available upon request.
For complete survival preparedness planning, and to purchase the best survival gear: long term bulk food storage and mobility survival kits, SURVIVAL H2O Tanks™, the SURVIVAL H2O Partner™ and the SURVIVAL STOVE™, tools, light and communication gear, non-firearm weapons and supplies as well as plans, strategies and tactics visit: http://www.mybestsurvivalproducts.com


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